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  • Soumya Mani


Tenancy refers to the possession of a building, property or land by means of rent or lease and the person undergoing tenancy is called Tenant. A tenant can be defined as someone who occupies the premises and is entitled to the possession of the premises during the term of the contract(lease or rental). We very often hear or come across instances of harassment of tenant by the landlord. It is seen that several tenants in India are mistreated by their landlords in terms of contractual obligations including illegitimate or arbitrary rents and eventually they become victims of landlords’ harassment. The following are the rights of tenants which they must be aware of in order to protect themselves from a troublesome landlord:

I) It is unlawful for a landlord to disconnect essential services such as electricity and water or restrict a tenant from using common amenities for recovery of rental dues or for other reasons.

II) Right to have full information about the condition of the house.

III) The tenant is entitled to ask for reimbursement for any repairs in the rented house.

IV) The tenant is also entitled to have appropriate contact information of the landlord(telephone numbers, email addresses, postal addresses, etc.) and the landlord can be contacted at any point of time.

V) The tenant has the right to privacy. The landlord cannot walk into the house without prior permission or information of the tenant unless there is a genuine emergency.

VI) The tenant is entitled to a certain amount of notice of the termination of tenancy.

VII) The tenant is entitled to refer any disputes to the Residential Tenancies Board (RTB) without being penalized for doing so.

It is very important for the tenant to know these rights. Being aware of the rights and having knowledge of the same will help the tenant to enjoy a perfect and peaceful living.