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  • Anshita Sahu


India is one of the country in the world which has many religions like Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Christianity- every religion which is followed across the world are seen in India. India is not only a collection of various religions but also gives freedom to every citizen to follow their culture and religions. It is composed of more ethnic and religious groups than other countries of the world. There are around 3000 castes and 25,000 subcastes in india, almost more than 15 languages spoken in various dialects in 28 states and eight union territories, and a substantial number of tribes and sects.

India is a secular country and world's largest democracy with a thriving civil society and multiple groups coexist peacefully. The major exception of this statement is religious conflict between hindus and muslims which has spread over into violence many time even before the independence. This is the main issue arising in today's world.

The main word is conflict. What does it mean? “ A CONFLICT is a struggle between people which may be physical, or between conflicting ideas or it may be between two persons or group of people and its arises because of various needs, value or idea which are different from each other” and the second word is religion, ” it is a set of beliefs that is passionately held by a group of people that is reflected in a world view and in expected beliefs and action of the people”

All the religious and ethnic issues arised in india, which we can seen in our history has its deepest shadow on hindu-muslim relations. This phase started not only started after independence but it existed even before that. The most critical phase of the conflict between hindu muslim was after the partition of 1947, this partition not did'nt solved the problem but even made it more critical situation related to religion .all the hindu and muslim blamed for the division of the country . the conflict between india and Pakistan kept the root of communal tension between both the countries, because of this all the Hindus who were in Pakistan or muslims in india was pushed into the unfortunate situation of defending their loyalty towards their country, even after so many years of independence, the problem has not even overcomed.

These conflicts are not only in india but also in others countries too.Like Gujarat, birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi, who always talked about the non-violence still there was violence where estimated half million people died . there are many cases related to this hindu and muslim conflicts. Similarly as we all also know about the disputed land in Ayodhya(babri masjid case). Why is this problem still coming in society when India is a secular country every one have their own rights still why everyone in socirty creating violence against each other.

We have to see from where this volence are coming . is it from the scriptures which is written by our forefathersor from the mis interpretation of these scripture ? what is the reason behind this violence? I believe this religious conflict come from our parents , society and the atmosphere around us , means that all those children brought up with this hateful thoughts towards other religions, so it is necessary for parents and society to make their children look all religion in india as same by making them secular .it can be resolved by providing knowledge and awareness towards religion in there young age only not only by the government organisation but also private organisations in slum area where some of them can not afford schools and hence doesn't get knowledge about religion,which sometime leads to their brainwashing and they promoting or coming in terrorist community for money. So this is a main issue which is growing day by day in society, which must be looked upon.