Government projects regarding animal welfares
"Greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated." - M.K.Gandhi
Project Tiger, which was initiated in the year 1972. About 47 tiger reserves take part in this project and made assessments on number of tigers, their hunting habitats under the supervision of the Tiger Task Force. This project helps in the increase of the tigers from 268 in 1972 to 2000+ tigers by 2016.
Project Elephant, was initiated in 1992 by Government of India Project Elephant, which aims at conserving elephants. This project looks after the migratory routes of the elephants by scientific measures. This project protects the elephants from poachers and unnatural deaths.
Crocodile Conservative Project, which tries to increase the population of Crocodiles which are going to extinct. This project promotes captive breeding. The result of this project is increase of 4000 alligators, 1800 crocodiles and 1500 saltwater crocodiles due to establishment of sanctuaries, which are suitable to their habitats.
UNDP Sea Turtle Project, initiated in 1999 at Dehradun. The main object of this project was to conserve Olive Ridley Turtles which helps in the increase in the mortality rate of turtles. This project develops the technology by using Satellite Telemetry to locate the migratory routes of sea turtles.
Along with these projects Government of India established Wildlife Crime Control Bureau which looks after the illegal trade of animals and endangered species, To check the dwindling population of Gyps vulture in India, Government of India has banned the veterinary use of diclofenac drug, and also E-Surveillance has been started in Kaziranga National Park in Assam and borders of Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh.
Although many animal protection laws are passed in India they are not properly implemented because people are not often emphasize on taking legal pathway to get good outcome. And one of the major defect in the laws are punishments given to the convicted people, which was just Rs.50 (basic fine). It doesn’t mean that there should be increase in the penalities but also it mean to rehabilitate convicted people through education and awareness. So there is an urgent need to think not only in terms of welfare of the animals but also in framing the legislation in terms of the animals. So let’s hope for the laws which will strictly penalise the wrongdoers in the terms of animals but still till now India has the developing law for the protection of the animals and their welfare.