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Combating Poverty as a challenge in 21st century -by Vaishali Malhotra

I.Introduction Since battling towards the independence of india in 1947, instead of being able to eradicate the poverty in India, india is becoming the inhabited area inhabitants who are the poorest of the poor people in the world. In India, there are million and million of people that are below the poverty line which despite having been earning a very low income which is not sufficient for the fulfillment of the basic minimal needs. Since the last six decades, many of the poverty eradication programs and schemes introduced by the Government of India. But these are not enough to stop the poverty crisis prevailing in India due to which many of the families have been accepting suicide instead of this dreadful life in which they can't afford even food, cloth and shelter which are the basic necessities of life. II.Poverty in India: Headline Haunts Daily Poverty crisis in India is not a new phenomenon as we are habitual read a news related to the poverty crisis in India whether it is suicidal death caused by poverty. This topic is very common to almost every native of this Nation. We are living in a society where there is a an unequitable distribution of income in which a person leading a lavish life and on the other hand another person is deprived of single penny of money afford minimal basic requirements . Poverty has many consequences in real sence as it directly or indirectly resulted into the increase in the rate of crime. Recently,in an interview with The Economic Times dated11 January 2019, Indian Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley said, “Poverty is a secular criterion and it cuts across communities and religions III.Causes of Poverty in India Following are the major causes behind the poverty in India: • High population growth rate in India • Increasing prices of even basic commodities is another reason of poverty • Little or no access to livelihoods or jobs. ... • CulturalConflict • AUnequitable distribution of income • Poor education • Lack of infrastructure • Limited capacity of the government IV.Consequences of Poverty in India The consequences of poverty in India are mentioned below: • High infant mortality • Malnutrition • Child labour • Lack of education • Child marriage • HIV / AIDS V..Solution & Steps Taken to Fight Against Poverty in India India has taken up various schemes and programmes to provide employment to the poor so they can earn a daily wage since 1980s. However, recent schemes in the past decade to alleviate poverty include: National Rural Livelihood Mission: Ajeevika (2011)- This scheme was launched in the year 2011 by the Ministry of Rural Development which is aimed at providing employment to the rural poor so that they have a regular income on a monthly basis. The Fight Hunger First Initiative (FHFI) Program (2011)- The Fight Hunger First initiative was taken up by the Government of India in the year 2011 to improve access of communities to the rights and entitlements accrued to them by the government schemes like employment, child nutrition, primary education and food supplies. This scheme for majorly focused on the most backward states of India i.e. Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal and Karnataka. Food Security Bill (2013)- The Food Security Bill was tabled in the Parliament in 2011 and became an act on 12 September 2013 making it one of the largest food security schemes . Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna (2015)- This scheme was launched in the year 2015 by the cabinet to provide skill training to 1.4 million youth of India. 10% Quota to Economically Weaker Sections (2019)- Recently,the Government of India introduce 10% reservation for the economically weaker groups in general category on 7 January 2019. The Union Minister said that those who earn less than Rs 8 lakh a year and have less than 5 acres land ownership will be eligible to avail the quota. VI.Global Programmes Impacting Against Poverty in India Many initiatives have been taken at global level for the eradication of poverty which are discussed as below: Ending Child Hunger andUndernutrition Initiative (ECHUI)- This initiative at global level has been started by World Food Programme (WFP) that ensues global partnership and aims at reducing the causes and effects of child hunger and under nutrition. It aims to mobilise resources for actions on national levels to build awareness and address the issue on a global scale. On any given day, WFP has 5,000 trucks, 20 ships and 92 planes on the move, delivering food and other assistance to those in most need. Every year, they distribute more than 15 billion rations at an estimated average cost per ration of US$ 0.31. Agenda 2030- Agenda 2030 is the shortened name given to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the UN General Assembly in 2015. The top two goals of the agenda are to “End Poverty in all its forms, everywhere” and “End Hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture”. This shows that the need of the hour is focusing on the poverty and its most drastic side effect of hunger. Most countries lack data on poverty and especially child poverty and thus it makes it difficult to make projections for the future. US Government Global Food Security Strategy (2017-2021)- After the Global Food Security Act on 2016, the US Government, in partnership with other governments, universities, research institutes, civil societies and private sector built this strategy to focus on challenges like poverty and hunger. The motive of this strategy is “A world free from hunger, malnutrition and extreme poverty” VII.Eradication of poverty in India Such glaring poverty is neither desirable nor tolerable. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru has correctly observed. “In a poor country there is only poverty to redistribute.” The following measures can go a long way to reduce the inequalities of income:  More Employment Opportunities  Minimum Needs Programme  Employment in Foreign Countries:  Spread of Education  Uplift of Rural Masses  Establishment of Small Scale Industries:  Social Security Programmes:  Equal distribution of Income  Regional poverty:  Problem of Distribution  Increase in the productivity of the Poor:  Development of Agriculture: VIII.Conclusion

Poverty is a major problem nowadays that is to be eradicated at a ground level. Many of the programs as well as schemes has been introduced to eradicate poverty by Government of India but in real sense there is no proper implementation and enforcement of these programs. Along with this ,there is enormous to introduce new programs and agenda for combating the phase of poverty from which our country is struggling against poverty since independence .Usually, these schemes are introduced in manifestos o attract voters to increase their vote banks, instead of this these schemes as well as eradication strategies should be promoted for improvement of situation at ground level.

-by “ Vaishali Malhotra”, B.ALL.B(2015-2020),Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra

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